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An electric vehicle is one that is propelled by an electric motor that recieves power from on-board batteries. There are two types of electric vehicles: Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV) that have an internal combustion engine and an electric motor and Plug-in Electric Vehicles (PEV) that have solely an electric motor. Electric vehicles are quieter than comparable gasoline vehicles and more energy efficient.
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Ethanol is a fuel produced by fermenting organic materials like corn, grains, crop waste materials and forestry waste materials. Ethanol is usually blended into gasoline used in the United States. E10 (10% ethanol and 90% gasoline) can be used in traditional gasoline vehicles without modification. E85 (85% ethanol and 15% gasoline) can only be used in specific vehicles.
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Natural gas is a naturally occuring gas found underground and is extracted from gas wells or in conjunction with crude oil production. Natural gas consists primarily of methane and trace amounts of other gases. When used as fuel for transportation, natural gas is stored as compressed natural gas (CNG) or liquefied natural gas (LNG).
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Propane, or liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), is a byproduct of natural gas processing and crude oil refining. As a low carbon fuel, LPG can burn cleaner than gasoline.
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